PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA PADA SEKTOR PEKERJAAN FORMAL, IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU
PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA PADA SEKTOR PEKERJAAN FORMAL, IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU PADA ANAK-ANAK. STUDI DI KODIA SEMARANG, JAWA TENGAH
(Occupational Participation of Working Women in the Formal Sector, and The Implication to Family’s Income and Breast Feeding Practices. Study in Semarang City, Central Java)
Along with increasing quality of human resources, increasing working women participation occur in every kind of occupational, both formal sector and informal sector. This phenomena had a positive impact, as family’s income increasing, but the other way can give a negative effect, as decreasing breast feeding practices to their child. The objective of the research were to find out (1) how much income contribution of working women to total family’s income; and (2) to describe working women breast feeding practices in the different kind of formal occupational; and (3) to explain the factors in influencing their contribution of family’s income and breast feeding practices. The study was conducted in Semarang City, Central Java. The samples were 150 working women in the formal occupational who had children under five years old, that were selected randomly.The research found that average income contribution of the working women to total family income was 43,85 % (sd=9,67, range 11,19 % until 68,57 %). Working women in the banking sector had the most income, but working women in the company especially as marketing division had the most contribution to family’s income than others. Working women with lecture occupational had the least contribution to family’s income. Total Family’s income had a significant negatif correlation to working women income contribution. So, the study showed that working women had duration of exclusive breast feeding during 1.75 months (average 53 days), and to stop breast feeding practices (lactation) during 15.7 months. Women with lacture occupational had longer duration of exclusive breast feeding dan lactation than others. Factors of knowledge, attitude, motivation, and condition of the working place had a significant positive correlation to duration of exclusive breast feeding practices. Motivation factor and duration of exclusive breast feeding practices had a significant positive correlation to long time of breast feeding stopped p<0,05).
Baca Makalah lengkap: PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA, KONTRIBUSI EKONOMI DAN PEMBERIAN ASI